Praise be to Allaah.
Democracy is a man-made
system, meaning rule by the people for the people. Thus it is contrary to
Islam, because rule is for Allaah, the Most High, the Almighty, and it is
not permissible to give legislative rights to any human being, no matter who
It says in Mawsoo’at
al-Adyaan wa’l-Madhaahib al-Mu’aasirah (2/1066, 1067):
Undoubtedly the democratic
system is one of the modern forms of shirk, in terms of obedience and
following, or legislation, as it denies the sovereignty of the Creator and
His absolute right to issue laws, and ascribes that right to human beings.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“You do not worship
besides Him but only names which you have named (forged) — you and your
fathers — for which Allaah has sent down no authority. The command (or the
judgement) is for none but Allaah. He has commanded that you worship none
but Him (i.e. His Monotheism); that is the (true) straight religion, but
most men know not”
“The decision is only
This has been discussed in
detail in the answer to question no.
The one who understands the
true nature of the democratic system and the ruling thereon, then he
nominates himself or someone else (for election) is approving of this
system, and is working with it, is in grave danger, because the democratic
system is contrary to Islam and approving of it and participating in it are
actions that imply apostasy and being beyond the pale of Islam.
But as for the one who
nominates himself or nominates others in this system in order to join the
parliament and enjoin good and forbid evil, and establish proof against
them, and reduce its evil and corruption as much as he can, so that people
of corruption and disbelievers in Allaah will not have free rein to spread
mischief in the land and spoil people’s worldly interests and religious
commitment, this is a matter that is subject to ijtihaad, according to the
interests that it is hoped will be served by that.
Some scholars are even of
the view that getting involved in these elections is obligatory.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn
‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about the ruling on
elections, and he replied: I think that elections are obligatory; we should
appoint the one who we think is good, because if the good people abstain,
who will take their place? Evil people will take their place, or neutral
people in whom there is neither good nor evil, but they follow everyone who
makes noise. So we have no choice but to choose those who we think are fit.
If someone were to say: We
chose someone but most of the parliament are not like that,
We say: It does not matter.
If Allaah blesses this one person and enables him to speak the truth in this
parliament, he will undoubtedly have an effect. But what we need is to be
sincere towards Allaah and the problem is that we rely too much on physical
means and we do not listen to what Allaah says. So nominate the one who you
think is good, and put your trust in Allaah. End quote.
From Liqaa’aat al-Baab
al-Maftooh, no. 210
The scholars of the
Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas were asked:
Is it permissible to vote
in elections and nominate people for them? Please note that our country is
ruled according to something other than that which Allaah revealed?
It is not permissible for a
Muslim to nominate himself in the hope that he can become part of a system
which rules according to something other than that which Allaah has revealed
and operates according to something other than the sharee’ah of Islam. It is
not permissible for a Muslim to vote for him or for anyone else who will
work in that government, unless the one who nominates himself or those who
vote for him hope that by getting involved in that they will be able to
change the system to one that operates according to the sharee’ah of Islam,
and they are using this as a means to overcome the system of government,
provided that the one who nominates himself will not accept any position
after being elected except one that does not go against Islamic sharee’ah.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn
Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan,
Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Qa’ood.
al-Daa’imah (23/406, 407
They were also asked:
As you know, here in
Algeria we have what are called legislative elections. There are parties
which call for Islamic rule, and there are others that do not want Islamic
rule. What is the ruling on one who votes for something other than Islamic
rule even though he prays?
The Muslims in a country
that is not governed according to Islamic sharee’ah should do their utmost
and strive as much as they can to bring about rule according to Islamic
sharee’ah, and they should unite in helping the party which is known will
rule in accordance with Islamic sharee’ah. As for supporting one who calls
for non-implementation of Islamic sharee’ah, that is not permissible, rather
it may lead a person to kufr, because Allaah says (interpretation of the
“And so judge (you O
Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) among them
by what Allaah has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware of
them lest they turn you (O Muhammad صلى الله
عليه وسلم) far away from some of that which Allaah has sent down to
you. And if they turn away, then know that Allaah’s Will is to punish them
for some sins of theirs. And truly, most of men are Faasiqoon (rebellious
and disobedient to Allaah).
50. Do they then seek
the judgement of (the days of) Ignorance? And who is better in judgement
than Allaah for a people who have firm Faith”
Hence when Allaah stated
that those who do not rule in accordance with Islamic sharee’ah are guilty
of kufr, He warned against helping them or taking them as allies or close
friends, and He commanded the believers to fear Him if they were truly
believers. He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O you who believe! Take
not as Awliyaa’ (protectors and helpers) those who take your religion as a
mockery and fun from among those who received the Scripture (Jews and
Christians) before you, and nor from among the disbelievers; and fear Allaah
if you indeed are true believers”
And Allaah is the Source of
strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and
his family and companions. End quote.
Standing Committee for
Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (1/373).