Praise be to Allaah.
It is not permissible for
the one who offers the sacrifice to sell the skin of his sacrificial animal,
because it has been singled out for Allaah in all its parts, and that which
has been singled out for Allaah is not permissible for anyone to make money
from it. Hence the butcher should not be given any of it by way of payment.
Al-Bukhaari (1717) and
Muslim (1317) narrated that ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
commanded me to take care of his sacrificial animals, and to give their
meat, skins and blankets in charity, and not to give the butcher any of it.
He said: “We will pay him ourselves.”
It says in Zaad
al-Mustaqni’: Its skin should not be sold, or any other part of it,
rather it should be made use of.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may
Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Sharh (7/514): “Its skin should
not be sold” after slaughter, because it has been singled out for Allaah in
all its parts, and that which has been singled out for Allaah is not
permissible for anyone to make money from it. The evidence for that is the
hadeeth of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab which says that he provided someone with a
horse to ride in jihad for the sake of Allaah, but the man to whom he gave
it neglected the horse and did not take care of it. ‘Umar came and asked the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for permission to
buy it because he thought that its owner would sell it cheaply, but the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him: “Do
not buy it even if he gives it to you for a dirham.” The reason for that is
that it was given for the sake of Allaah, and whatever a person gives for
the sake of Allaah, it is not permissible for him to take it back. Hence it
not permissible for the one who has migrated from a land of shirk to go back
and live there, because he left a land that he loves for the sake of Allaah,
so it is not permissible for him to go back to something that he loves if
he gave it up for the sake of Allaah. And because the skin is part of the
animal like the meat, i.e., it is not permissible to sell it, just as it is
not permissible to sell its meat.
“or any other part of it”
means that none of its parts may be sold, such as the liver, leg, head,
stomach and so on. The reason is the same as that mentioned above. End
Hence it is known that what
is prescribed is to make use of the skin or to give it in charity to one who
deserves it, such as a poor or needy person. But if the one who offers the
sacrifice gives the skin in charity to a poor person, and the poor person
sells it, there is no sin on either of them.
Shaykh Muhammad al-Mukhtaar
al-Shanqeeti (may Allaah preserve him) said: If there is a company that will
buy the skins in the same abattoir, and he gives it to a poor person, and
the poor person goes and sells it to this company, there is nothing wrong
with that. End quote from Sharh Zaad al-Mustaqni’.
With regard to selling the
skins and giving their price in charity, the scholars differed concerning
that. Some of them said that it is permissible and this is the view of the
Hanafis and was mentioned in one report from Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have
mercy on him), but the majority did not permit it.
It says in Tabyeen
al-Haqaa’iq (6/9): If he sells it for a few dirhams to give them in
charity, it is permissible, because it is an act of worship like giving the
skin and meat in charity.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said in Tuhfat al-Mawdood bi Ahkaam al-Mawlood p.
89: Abu ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Hamdaan said in al-Ri’aayah: It is
permissible to sell its skin and offal and head, and give the price in
charity. This was stated by Imam Ahmad.
Al-Khallaal said: ‘Abd
al-Malik ibn ‘Abd al-Hameed told me that Abu ‘Abd-Allaah (i.e., Imam Ahmad)
said: Ibn ‘Umar sold the skin of a cow and gave its price in charity.
Ishaaq ibn Mansoor said: I
said to Abu ‘Abd-Allaah: What should be done with the skin of the
sacrificial animals? He said: It should be made use of and its price given
in charity. I said: Can it be sold and its price given in charity? He said:
Yes, (because of) the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar. End quote.
See also al-Insaaf
Al-Shawkaani (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said in Nayl al-Awtaar (5/153): They were
unanimously agreed that its meat may not be sold, and the same applies to
the skin. But al-Awzaa’i, Ahmad, Ishaaq and Abu Thawr regarded it as
permissible, and this is also the view of the Shaafa’is who said: It should
be disposed of as the udhiyah itself is disposed of. End quote.
Based on this, there is
nothing wrong with giving the skins to the charitable organizations who will
sell them and give their price in charity. This is a charitable project,
because most people do not make use of the skins of the sacrificial animals,
so selling the skins and giving the price in charity is achieving the
intended purpose, which is to benefit the poor and avoid the haraam thing,
which is offering compensation to the one who offered the sacrifice for any
part of his udhiyah.
It should noted that the
udhiyah may be given to the rich as a gift, so if the one who offers the
sacrifice intends that he is giving the skin as a gift to the charitable
organization which is collecting them, there is nothing wrong with that.
Then the charity may sell them and give the price in charity however it wishes.
And Allaah knows best.