Praise be to Allaah.
What is mentioned in some reports is that the names of those
for whom death has been decreed in the coming year are all revealed to the
Angel of Death in the month of Sha’baan, and that he is told of their names
in scrolls from Allaah, or that the annual decree of people’s deaths is
written in Sha’baan, so death is decreed in this month according to these
But these reports and ahaadeeth are all weak (da’eef), so
they should not be relied upon and no attention should be paid to their
Al-Qaadi Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi (may Allaah have mercy on
There is no reliable hadeeth about Laylat al-Nusf min
Sha’baan (the fifteenth of Sha’baan) or about its virtues, or that people’s
deaths are decreed on this day, so no attention should be paid to that. End
Ahkaam al-Qur’aan (4/117):
This has been discussed previously, and we have quoted
comments of the scholars on this topic in the answers to questions no.
We will quote here some of the reports quoted by al-Suyooti
(may Allaah have mercy on him) which speak of the decree of death during
Sha’baan, in his book al-Durr al-Manthoor (7/401-401), and we will
comment briefly on each report.
He (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Ibn Jareer, Ibn al-Mundhir and Ibn Abi Haatim narrated via
Muhammad ibn Sooqah from ‘Ikrimah: “Therein
(that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments” [al-Dukhaan 44:4].
He said: On the night before the fifteenth of Sha’baan, the
affairs of the year are decreed, and death is decreed for some people, and
it is decreed who is going to perform Hajj, and no name will be added to or
omitted from whatever is decreed.
This is contrary to the correct view and interpretation of
the verse on which the salaf were agreed, which is that what is meant
thereby is Laylat al-Qadar. This has been discussed in the answer to
question no. 11722
Ibn Zanjawayh and al-Daylami narrated from Abu Hurayrah that
the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: “Death is decreed from one Sha’baan to another, even if a man gets
married and a child is born to him when his name is among those who are
going to die.”
This was classed as da’eef by al-Shawkaani in Fath
al-Qadeer (4/801); al-Albaani said in al-Silsilat al-Da’eefah
(no. 6607): It is munkar.
Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated that ‘Ata’ ibn Yasaar said: The
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not
fast in any month more than he did in Sha’baan, and this is because death is
decreed for some people in that month for the coming year.
This is mursal and da’eef.
Abu Ya’la narrated from ‘Aa’ishah that the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast all of
Sha’baan, and she asked him about that and he said: “Allaah decrees in it
every soul who will die that year, and I want the decree of my death to come
to me when I am fasting.”
This was narrated by Abu Ya’la in al-Musnad (8/311).
Its isnaad includes Suwayd ibn Sa’eed al-Hadathaani, and Muslim ibn Khaalid
al-Zanji, and Tareef, all of whom are classed as da’eef in books of
Al-Deenoori narrated in al-Mujaalasah from Raashid ibn
Sa’d that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“On the night before the fifteenth of Sha’ban, Allaah reveals to the angel
of death to take the soul of every person whom He wants to take (in death)
Al-Mujaalisah wa Jawaahir al-‘Ilm
(p. 206). It is mursal and was classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef
al-Jaami’ (no. 4019).
Ibn Jareer and al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan narrated
from al-Zuhri, that ‘Uthmaan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Mugheerah ibn al-Akhnas
said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “Death is decreed from one Sha’baan to another, even if a man
gets married and a child is born to him when his name is among those who are
going to die.”
Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Silsilat al-Da’eefah (no.
6607): It is munkar.
Ibn Abi’l-Dunya narrated that ‘Ata’ ibn Yasaar said: When the
night before the fifteenth of Sha’baan comes, a scroll is given to the angel
of death, and it is said: Take (the souls) of those who are mentioned in
this scroll. A man may furnish a house and get married and build houses, but
his name is already written among those who are to die.
These are only the words of ‘Ata’; there is no isnaad for
Al-Khateeb and Ibn al-Najjaar narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may
Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast all of Sha’baan, until he
joined it to Ramadaan, and he did not fast any month in full except
Sha’baan. I said: O Messenger of Allaah, is Sha’baan one of the dearest of
months to you in which to fast? He said: “Yes, O ‘Aa’ishah, for there is no
soul who is to die during the year but his death is decreed in Sha’baan, and
I want my death to be decreed when I am worshipping my Lord and doing
The version narrated by Ibn al-Najjaar says: “O ‘Aa’ishah, in
it the angel of death writes down whose soul he will take, and I do not want
my name to be written down except when I am fasting.”
Narrated by al-Khateeb in Tareekh Baghdaad (4/436).
Its isnaad includes Abu Bilaal al-Ash’ari who was classed as da’eef by
al-Daraqutni, as it says in Mizaan al-I’tidaal (4/507). It also
includes Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Humayd al-Makhdoob, Abu Ja’far al-Muqri’, of
whom al-Daaraqutni said: he is not strong. So the hadeeth is da’eef jiddan
To sum up: There is no saheeh hadeeth to suggest that there are more deaths in Sha’baan.
And Allaah knows best.