Praise be to Allaah.
The fuqaha’ differed
concerning how the Ameen is to be said by the one who is praying behind an
imam in Qunoot al-nawaazil.
The Hanafis are of the view
that there is no Ameen in Qunoot al-nawaazil, because the Qunoot should be
recited silently unless the imam recites Qunoot out loud.
The Shaafa’is and Hanbalis
are of the view that the Ameen should be said out loud in Qunoot
According to the Maalikis,
Qunoot al-nawaazil is not prescribed in the first place, and the Ameen
belongs to the Qunoot; if the thing it belongs to is cancelled then it is
It says in Mughni
al-Mughtaaj (1/362): Note: The one who is praying behind the imam should
speak out loud in five places: four places of saying Ameen: he should say
Ameen with the imam (i.e., after he recites al-Faatihah); in his du’aa’ when
he recites the morning Qunoot; in Qunoot of Witr in the second half of
Ramadaan; and in Qunoot an-Naazilah (Qunoot of calamity) in the five daily
prayers; and if the imam makes a mistake in his recitation and a person
praying behind him corrects him. End quote.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may
Allaah have mercy on him) said: If we say that Qunoot may be offered in the
five daily prayers, if the prayer is one in which Qur’aan is recited out
loud, then it is well known that the Qunoot should be recited out loud, and
if the prayer is one in which Qur'aan is recited silently then Qunoot should
also be recited out loud, as it is proven in the Sunnah that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say Qunoot and the
people would say Ameen behind him, and they could not have said Ameen unless
he was saying Qunoot out lout. Based on this, it is Sunnah to recite Qunoot
out loud even in a prayer in which Qur’aan is recited silently. End quote
from al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (4/47).
Thus it is known that if
the imam recites Qunoot out loud, it is prescribed for the person praying
behind him to say the Ameen out loud, but he should not go to extremes in
saying it out loud, in such a way that is contrary to proper focus
(khushoo’) and tranquillity, as some people do, raising their voices as if
they are on a demonstration and not at prayer.
It is not obligatory to say
the Ameen out loud, rather it is mustahabb, just as the Ameen itself is not
And Allaah knows best.