Praise be to Allah.
The belief of the
Salaf concerning the Quran is like their belief in all the names and
attributes of Allah, which is a belief that is based on what is indicated by
the Book of Allah and the sunnah (teachings) of His Messenger (peace and
blessings be upon him). We all know that Allah, may He be glorified and
exalted, has described the Quran as being His Word and that it was sent down
from Him. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And if anyone of
the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness
of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may
hear the Word of Allah (the Quran), and then escort him to where he can be
is meant by the Word of Allah here is the Noble Quran.
And He, may He be
Quran narrates to the Children of Israel most of that about which they
So the Quran is
the Word of Allah in both wording and meaning. Allah spoke it in a real
sense and gave it to Jibril (peace be upon him) the trustworthy, then Jibril
brought it down to the heart of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be
upon him), so that he might be one of the warners, in a plain Arabic
The Salaf believe
that the Quran was revealed; Allah, may He be glorified and exalted,
revealed it to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
piecemeal, i.e., bit by bit, over twenty-three years, in accordance with the
wisdom of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted.
Moreover, some of
the revelation was revealed for a specific reason for which it was sent
down, and some of it was revealed without a specific reason. And some of it
was revealed to tell of something that happened to the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him) and his companions. Some of it was revealed
concerning shar‘i (legal) rulings, according to what the scholars have said
concerning this matter.
Then the Salaf say
that the Quran is from Allah in the first place and it will return (to Him)
at the end of time. This is the view of the Salaf concerning the Noble
It is clear to us that Allah has described the Noble Quran in superlative
terms. He has described it as wise (hakeem), noble (kareem), great (‘azeem),
and glorious (majeed). These qualities, in terms of which Allah has
described His Book, may be attainable by one who adheres to this Book and
acts upon it both inwardly and outwardly. Allah will give him some share of
glory, greatness, wisdom, honour and authority that is not given to the one
who does not adhere to the Book of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted.
Hence I call all Muslims, rulers and ruled, scholars and ordinary folk, to
adhere to the Book of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, both inwardly
and outwardly, so that they may attain honour, happiness and glory, and
prevail in the east and in the west. End quote. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may
Allah have mercy on him). Fatawa Kibar ‘Ulama al-Ummah.
Fataawa Kibaar ‘Ulama’ al-Ummah, p. 45