Praise be to
This hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated). It was narrated
by Abu Na’eem in al-Hilyah and by others. Its isnaad includes
Yahyaa ibn Haashim al-Simsaar.
Imaam al-Nasaa’i said concerning
him: “His hadeeth is to be rejected.”
Yahyaa ibn Ma’een said: “He
is a liar.”
Ibn ‘Adiyy said: “He used
to fabricate and plagiarize hadeeth.”
Du’aa’ upon completing the
Qur’aan may be said in either of two situations:
During prayer, which is bid’ah (a reprehensible innovation).
Acts of worship are based on what is prescribed in Islam (shar’)
and on following (the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)). No one has the right to
worship Allaah except in the manner that He has prescribed or according
to the Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Anything other than that is an innovation in the religion.
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates
anything in this matter of ours (Islam) that is not a part of it will
have it rejected.” (Agreed upon, from the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah).
Al-Shaatibi mentioned in al-I’tisaam
and Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] mentioned in al-Iqtidaa’ an
important guideline for telling bid’ah from other things. This is: if
the reason and motive for doing a thing existed at the time of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the time of the Sahaabah,
and they did not do it, although there was nothing to stop them from
doing it, then it is bid’ah – such as giving the adhaan for Eid prayers
and for prayers for rain (salaat al-istisqaa’), and so on.
Making du’aa’ for completing the Qur’aan during
prayer comes under this heading. In Ramadaan, the Sahaabah would stand
in prayer for a long time, leaning on sticks because it was so long.
In this manner they would complete the Qur’aan more than once, but it
was not narrated that any of them made du’aa’ after completing it.
Imaam Maalik (may Allaah have mercy on him)
said: I did not hear that he made du’aa’ upon completing the Qur’aan,
or any of the other things that people do. This was quoted from him
by Ibn al-Haaj in al-Madkhal.
The second case is when du’aa’ is made straight after completing
the Qur’aan, not during prayer. This was narrated from Anas ibn Maalik
with a saheeh isnaad, and it is narrated from a group of scholars, but
I do not know of any proven marfoo’ report [i.e., one which goes
back to the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)] concerning that. And Allaah