be to Allaah.
is nothing wrong with keeping animals for which there is no Islamic
prohibition on keeping them (such as dogs and pigs). There are reports
in the Sunnah which indicate that some of the Sahaabah kept permissible
animals for farming purposes or for fun and for pleasure.
narrated from Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he had a young
brother who had a nughar (a small bird or nightingale). The bird died,
and the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw him looking sad and
grieved, so he joked with him, and said to him words which implied approval
of his keeping this bird. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him, “O Abu Umayr,
what happened to the nughayr?”
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that a woman entered
Hell because of a cat “which she did not feed, neither did she let it
eat from the vermin of the earth.” From this it may be understood that
if she had fed it, she would have been saved from that threat.
was said that Abu Hurayrah was so called because of a cat (hirr, dim.
hurayrah) which used to accompany him.
permissible animals, so long as you do not neglect them, is something
which is permitted and it may even be one of the means of earning reward,
as the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “In every living being
there is reward.” But if you keep animals and neglect and abuse them,
it may be one of the means that lead to sin and the threat of Hell,
as in the hadeeth about the woman who neglected her cat until it died.
also like to point out that Islam preceded both western and eastern
organizations in proclaiming the rights of women, animals, workers,
employers and so on. Indeed, the greatest rights which it proclaimed
are the rights of Allaah over His creation and the rights of people
also point out that care and concern for human beings should take precedence
over the care of animals, and that the reward for that is greater. [The
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:] “Ward off the Fire
even with half a date [i.e., by giving half a date in charity]” and
“I and the one who sponsors an orphan will be like these two in Paradise”
– and he gestured with his index finger and the one next to it. And
there are other similar ahaadeeth from the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
basis, there is nothing wrong with your keeping fish as you mentioned
in your question, so long as you take care of feeding them and avoiding
anything that could cause their death. And Allaah knows best.
to the creation of dogs, Allaah created them as He created all other
animals; it is not permissible to claim that dogs were created from
any specific substance without having evidence for that. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
we testify not except according to what we know”[Yoosuf 12:81]
With regard to Iblees,
Allaah commanded him to prostrate to Adam and he refused and was arrogant,
then what he did was to tempt Adam to eat from the tree from which he
had been forbidden to eat. There was no kind of dirt, and Allaah knows
best. I do not know anything of the argument which you mentioned.
of the Qur’aanic guidance is that it mentioned the knowledge which the
Muslim needs in this world and in the Hereafter; with regard to knowledge
for which there is no need, the Qur’aan does not mention it, so as to
teach the Muslims to focus on beneficial knowledge and to ignore everything
else. For example, the Qur’aanic text does not mention the colour of
the dog which belonged to the People of the Cave, or the kind of wood from which the ship (ark) of Nooh was built, and other matters which are irrelevant and produce no beneficial knowledge or belief. Perhaps speaking of the substance from which dogs were created comes under the same heading. And Allaah knows best.