Praise be to Allaah.
Brothers and sisters are among the relatives
with whom Islam commands us to uphold ties.
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah says: ‘I am al-Rahmaan (the Most Merciful) and this rahm (tie of kinship) has a name that is
derived from My name. Whoever uphold it, I will take care of him, and whoever severs it, I will cut him off.’” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1907; Abu
Dawood, 1694; classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 520).
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever would like his lifespan to be extended and his provision to be
increased, let him uphold the ties of kinship.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1961; Muslim, 2557)
Among the rights that they share with other
Muslims, except that their rights are stronger, are: that you should greet them with salaam when you meet them; you should accept their invitation
when they invite you; you should say “Yarhamukum Allaah (may Allaah have mercy on you) if they sneeze; you should visit them if they fall
sick; you should attend their funeral if they die; you should go along with them if they swear that you should do something; you should advise
them sincerely if they seek your advice; you should not backbite about them in their absence; you should love for them what you love for yourself
and hate for them what you hate for yourself. All of that is narrated in saheeh ahaadeeth.
Their rights also include: that you should
not harm any of them in word or deed. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Muslim is the one from whose tongue
and hand the Muslims are safe.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 10; Muslim, 40). And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, in a
lengthy hadeeth in which he enjoined a number of virtues, “… If you cannot do that, then leave people alone (and do not offend them), for that is
an act of charity that you do for yourself.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2382; Muslim, 84).
With regard to parents’ rights, we have
explained the mother’s rights over her children in the answer to question number 5053
And Allaah knows best.