Praise be to Allah.
If a person strikes another and causes his death
unintentionally, he must do two things: pay the diyah and offer expiation,
because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“It is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that
it be) by mistake; and whosoever kills a believer by mistake, (it is
ordained that) he must set free a believing slave and a compensation (blood
money, i.e. Diya) be given to the deceased’s family unless they remit it”
The diyah is one hundred camels, which is equivalent to
approximately one hundred thousand (100,000) riyals.
The expiation is fasting for two consecutive months.
The diyah for accidental killing is to be paid by the
killer’s male relatives on his father’s side. If he has no male relatives on
his father’s side, or they refuse to pay, then the killer must pay it.
The victim’s next-of-kin have the right to waive the diyah,
if they are adults and of sound mind, unless the victim was in debt, in
which case they do not have the right to waive it, rather they should take
the diyah and pay off the deceased’s debt from it first, then divide the
rest among his heirs.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was
asked: Do the heirs of the victim have the right to waive the diyah when the
victim owes a debt?
He replied: They do not have the right to waive it, because
the rights of the heirs of the victim cannot be waived until after the debt
has been paid, because Allah says in the verse of inheritance
(interpretation of the meaning):
“after payment of
legacies he (or she) may have bequeathed or debts”
So they have no right to waive the diyah, because the diyah
is to be added to the estate. If we assume that he was killed and he had
fifty thousand, and the diyah is one hundred thousand, then his wealth is
one hundred and fifty thousand.
End quote from Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh (123/22).
If the insurance company pays the diyah or compensation on
behalf of the killer, there is nothing wrong with you taking that from the
company, and after paying off your brother’s debts there is nothing wrong
with you donating the rest as an ongoing charity on his behalf or helping to
arrange your sister’s marriage. This diyah is to be added to the estate of
the deceased and shared out among his heirs after paying off his debt, as
stated above, and his heirs have the right to donate their shares if they
For more information please see the answer to questions no.
And Allah knows best.