Praise be to Allaah.
Harm caused by performance-enhancing drugs in sports.
Performance-enhancing drugs are banned in the world of
sports; that includes using any substance that could enhance the performance
of any athlete in an abnormal manner and give him an unfair advantage in
competition. The phrase ‘performance-enhancing drugs’ includes both
manufactured medicines and natural substances that may be taken in unusual
quantity or in the usual manner that may contribute to an abnormal rise in
physical agility. However in most cases, these drugs are like other
The Medical Commission of the International Olympic Committee
has divided banned performance-enhancing drugs used in sports into a number
of categories, as follows:
Stimulants affecting the
Depressants affecting the
Vasoactive drugs (affecting the
Medical research has proven that taking performance-enhancing
drugs leads to psychological illnesses such as mood swings, depression,
aggressiveness, mental illness and insanity. It also leads to physical
illnesses such as heart attack that may cause death, kidney disease, tumours
in the prostate, impotence leading to sterility, and hormonal imbalance.
It is possible to clarify the physical harm that is confirmed
by medical research, which proves that taking performance-enhancing drugs
causes the following:
Gastritis leading to stomach
Various mental illnesses
Insomnia and hallucinations
Diarrhoea and nausea
Lung and heart disease
Loss of appetite
Increased production of tears
and nasal mucus
Slowed breathing rate leading
Tumours in the prostate
Development of male physical
characteristics in females
Impotence or sterility as a
result of using testosterone (male hormone)
The ruling on taking performance-enhancing drugs
It is possible to find out the ruling on taking
performance-enhancing drugs by noting the physical harm that they cause to
the athlete himself.
It is clear from the above list of illnesses that stem from
taking performance-enhancing drugs, and from what specialists have said
about the extent of harm that result from taking these drugs, in either the
short term or the long term, that using performance-enhancing drugs is not
permissible, because of what it leads to of harm that may cause death.
Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another).
Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you”
“and do not throw yourselves into destruction”
And the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said: “There should be neither harm nor reciprocating of harm.”
Narrated by Ibn Maajah with a hasan isnaad.
Islam forbids the Muslim to cause his own death or kill
himself; it also forbids him to harm himself in any manner.
Adapted from a Master’s thesis entitled an-Nawaazil
fi’l-Ashribah (New issues concerning drinks), p. 229-234, by Shaykh Zayn
al-‘Aabideen, son of Shaykh Ibn Azween, supervised by Shaykh Sa‘d ibn Turki
For information on the ruling on saying “What is the opinion
of sharee‘ah?” please see the answer to question no.
And Allah knows best.