Praise be to Allaah.
What the questioner has mentioned about the report of
Mujaahid was narrated by ad-Daarimi (may Allah have mercy on him) in his
book an-Naqd (p. 463) via Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyaynah from Humayd al-A‘raj
In the commentary of Shaykh Mansoor as-Saamiri on an-Naqd,
it says that this report was narrated by ‘Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal in
his book as-Sunnah (hadeeth 1085, 1181) from Mujaahid from ‘Ubayd ibn
‘Umayr, without any mention of touching the knee, and he classed it as
saheeh from him.
There are other narrations and versions of the report from
Mujaahid, ‘Ubayd ibn ‘Umayr, Sa‘eed ibn Jubayr and others, with isnaads some
of which are saheeh and some are da‘eef. All of these narrators are among
the senior Taabi‘een. Even if these people were narrating from the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), these reports would be classed
as mursal and da‘eef, but they did not narrate that from the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him); perhaps they narrated it from
the books of the Children of Israel.
Whatever the case, the basic principle of Ahl as-Sunnah (may
Allah have mercy on them) was not to ascribe any attribute to Allah, may He
be exalted, on the basis of the words of any of the Sahaabah or Taabi‘een;
rather attributes can only be ascribed to Allah, may He be exalted, on the
basis of the texts of the Qur’aan and saheeh Sunnah. The attributes of
Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, are tawqeefi, which means that
nothing of that nature can be ascribed to Him except that which Allah
ascribed to Himself or that His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him ascribed to Him, because no one is more knowledgeable about Allah
than He Himself, and no created being is more knowledgeable about his
Creator than the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon
At the same time, Ahl as-Sunnah do not deny any attribute for
Allah, may He be exalted, except that which Allah Himself negated or that
His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) negate.
Seeing as the “knee” is not proven in any verse or saheeh
hadeeth, we do not ascribe it to Allah, may He be exalted, because it is not
proven. But we do not deny it either, because there is no text of the
Qur’aan or Sunnah to that effect. If this attribute was proven in the texts
of the Qur’aan or Sunnah, then our attitude towards it would be the same as
our attitude towards all the other divine attributes that are proven in the
Qur’aan and Sunnah, which is to affirm it and to believe in it without any
distortion, denial, likening Him to His creation or discussing how.
See the answer to question no.
We have not seen this attribute affirmed in the books of
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah or Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on
them), and it has not been confirmed by our two contemporary shaykhs, Ibn
Baaz and al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on them).
And Allah knows best.