Praise be to Allaah.
Divorce uttered in anger is subject to further discussion,
which has been discussed previously in the answer to question no.
45174. In this case we advise
you to refer this issue to one of the trustworthy scholars in your country
who can listen to your mother and her husband, and find out the nature of
the anger he was feeling when he uttered the divorce.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said,
after discussing types or levels of anger – that were mentioned in the
question put to him –: The opinion that a divorce uttered by one who is
angry does not count as such is the more correct view in theory, but for
practical and educational reasons, do we issue a fatwa on that basis or do
we refrain from issuing a fatwa on that basis except in specific cases in
which we know that the husband is being honest? We do the latter, because if
we were to follow the opinion that a divorce uttered by one who is angry
does not count as such, there would be many who would say, “I was angry and
I issued a divorce,” without differentiating between the first and second
degrees (of anger). Then there would be a lot of mischief. It is for this
reason that issuing a fatwa in all cases saying that divorce issued by one
who is angry does not count as such would lead to uttering divorce becoming
widespread. But if we think that the husband is a righteous man who could
not be heedless, in that case we may issue a fatwa that the divorce does not
count as such, but if we thinks that he is heedless and wants his wife to
come back to him by any means, then in this case we should issue a fatwa
stating that the divorce does count as such. This comes under the heading of
handling each case on its merits, which is very important in sharee ‘ah.
Perhaps we may prevent one man from eating a specific food, even though it
is halaal, because it will harm him, but we would not prevent another man
from eating it, because it will not harm him.
End quote from ash-Sharh al-Mumti‘, 13/29
And Allah knows best.