Praise be to Allaah.
Islam gives permission to keep dogs for certain purposes,
such as hunting, guarding livestock and protecting crops. An analogy has
been made for similar purposes or those which are more essential, such as
protecting houses from burglars, using them to find drugs and thieves. In
any other cases, the one who keeps a dog is subject to the warning of having
one or two qiraats deducted from his reward every day.
Shaykh Yoosuf ibn ‘Abd al-Haadi said, quoting from some of
Undoubtedly the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) gave permission to keep hunting dogs in several ahaadeeth, and
said that keeping a dog for hunting does not detract from one’s reward. In
another hadeeth he gave permission to keep a dog for herding livestock, and
in another hadeeth for keeping sheep, and in another hadeeth for guarding
farms. So it is known that the reason which makes it permissible to keep a
dog is when it is for a purpose, and the ruling depends on whether that
reason is there or not. If the reason is there, then it is permissible to
keep a dog, even though some reasons are more important than agricultural
reasons, and some reasons are equally important to those that are mentioned
in the texts. Undoubtedly crops come under the same ruling as farms, and
cattle come under the same ruling as sheep; guarding chickens and geese – to
keep foxes away from them – comes under the same heading as guarding sheep.
Undoubtedly the fear of burglars and keeping a dog to warn of them and wake
one up is a more important reason; the Lawgiver pays attention to interests
and wards off harms; if there is no reason for it then it is wrong. End
Al-Ighraab fi Ahkaam al-Kilaab
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Based on that, a house that is in the middle of the city has
no need for a dog to guard it, so keeping a dog for this purpose in such a
case is haraam and it is not permissible, and it detracts one or two qiraats
from the reward of its owners every day. They should get rid of this dog and
not keep it. But if a house is in the countryside and there is no one else
around, then it is permissible to keep a dog to guard the house and its
occupants; guarding the members of the household is more important than
guarding livestock and crops. End quote.
Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Islam does not enjoin anything but that which is good for
people, and it does not forbid them anything but that which is harmful to
them. But this wisdom is known to those who know it and it is unknown to
those who do not know it. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) enjoined washing vessels that have been licked by a dog, and that
is only because its saliva is impure. Modern science has proven that there
are several harmful things in water from which a dog has drunk. The Muslim
who follows the command of sharee’ah has no choice but to obey the command,
and refrain from that which is forbidden, even if he does not know the
reason behind it and there is nothing wrong with trying to find out the
reason behind it, but he should not make his compliance dependent upon
knowing the reason.
Some of these diseases are transmitted because of going
against the command of Islam, and eating and drinking from vessels used by
dogs, and some of them are transmitted because the dog carries germs that
cause these diseases.
Whatever the case, the Muslim hears and obeys, and goodness
is found in responding to sharee’ah by doing what is commanded and avoiding
what is forbidden.
And Allaah knows best.