Praise be to Allaah.
Prayer in congregation is obligatory for non-travellers and
We have already mentioned the evidence for it being
obligatory in the answer to questions no
You have to establish prayer in congregation; one of you
should give the adhaan (call to prayer) then you should pray in
Al-Bukhaari (628) narrated that Maalik ibn al-Huwayrith (may
Allaah be pleased with him) said: I came to the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) with a group of my people and we stayed
with him for twenty days. He was compassionate and kind, and when he saw
that we were missing our families he said: “Go back and stay with them and
teach them; pray as you have seen me praying. When the time for prayer
comes, let one of you give the call to prayer and let the oldest of you lead
(the others) in prayer.”
Abu Dawood (547) narrated that Abu’l-Darda’ (may Allaah be
pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “There are no three people in a
village or a desert among whom the prayer is not established, but the
Shaytaan will overwhelm them. You must adhere to the jamaa’ah, for the wolf
eats the sheep that strays off on its own.” Al-Saa’ib (one of the narrators
of the hadeeth) said: What is meant by jamaa’ah here is prayer in
congregation. It was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was
asked about a group of travellers who were going to attend a conference;
should they pray in the mosques or not? He replied:
The basic principle is that you should attend prayers in
congregation in the mosque with the people if you are in a place where you
can hear the adhaan without a loudspeaker because you are near the mosque.
If you are in a far place where you cannot hear the call to prayer even with
a loudspeaker, then pray in congregation where you are. Similarly if going
to the mosque will detract from the purpose for which you came then pray in
congregation where you are.
Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen,