Praise be to Allaah.
This hadeeth was narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2352) from Anas
(may Allaah be pleased with him), according to whom the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O Allaah, cause me
to live poor and cause me to die poor, and gather me among the poor on the
Day of Resurrection.” Al-Tirmidhi said: This is a ghareeb hadeeth.
It was also narrated by Ibn Maajah (4126) from Abu Sa’eed
al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him).
Many scholars classed it as da’eef. If we assume it is
saheeh, then what is meant by “poor” here is being humble before Allaah, not
having little wealth.
Ibn Katheer said in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (6/75):
With regard to the hadeeth narrated by Ibn Maajah from Abu
Sa’eed, that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “O Allaah, cause me to live poor …”, it is a da’eef
hadeeth, and it not proven from its isnaad, because it includes Yazeed ibn
Sinaan Abu Farwah al-Rahaawi, who is very weak (da’eef jiddan). And Allaah
It was also narrated by al-Tirmidhi with another isnaad from
Anas … then he said: This is a ghareeb hadeeth.
I (Ibn Katheer) say: there is some weakness in its isnaad,
and there is something objectionable in its text. And Allaah knows best. End
Al-Haafiz said in al-Talkhees (3/109), after quoting
It was narrated and classed as ghareeb by al-Tirmidhi, and
its isnaad is da’eef. A similar hadeeth was narrated from Abu Sa’eed by Ibn
Maajah, but there is also some weakness in its isnaad. There is another
isnaad in al-Mustadrak, from ‘Ata’, and it was narrated by al-Bayhaqi
from ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Saamit. End quote.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah be pleased with him)
was asked about this hadeeth and he said:
This is narrated, but it is da’eef and is not proven. Its
meaning is: cause me to live with humility, but the wording is not proven.
End quote from Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (18/357).
He also said (18/326):
This hadeeth was narrated by al-Tirmidhi, and it was
mentioned by Abu’l-Faraj (Ibn al-Jawzi) in al-Mawdoo’aat. Whether its
wording is saheeh or not, the poor person who is praised is the one who is
humble before Allaah, it does not mean the poor person who has no wealth.
Rather a man may be poor and lacking wealth but he may be a tyrant. As the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in a saheeh
hadeeth: “There are three to whom Allaah will not speak or look at on the
Day of Resurrection, nor will He praise them and theirs will be a painful
torment: a king who tells lies, a poor man who is arrogant and an old man
who commits zina.” And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “I am a slave; I eat as a slave eats and I sit as a slave
sits.” Being “poor” is an attitude, and it means being humble, as ‘Eesa ibn
Maryam (peace be upon him) said: ‘And dutiful to my
mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest’ [Maryam 19:32].
In Lisaan al-‘Arab it says (13/216):
The original meaning of miskeen in Arabic is humble,
and the original meaning of faqeer is needy.
Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “O Allaah, cause me to live poor (miskeen)” meaning
thereby humble, not one of the arrogant and proud, i.e., humble and
submissive before You, O Lord, not arrogant. The word miskeen here
does not mean poor in the sense of being in need. End quote.
In al-Talkhees (3/109), al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar quoted
al-Bayhaqi as saying of this hadeeth: In my view it does not mean that he
was asking for poverty in the sense of having little, rather he was asking
for humility. End quote.
And Allaah knows best.