Praise be to Allaah.
There is no reason why one cannot do this. Allaah has
created healing in the Quraan, as He has created healing in honey and oil and other
things. These are means of healing and Allaah is the Healer, so there is nothing wrong
with performing ruqyah for this person, especially since you hope that this kaafir may
become a Muslim.
There is also a report in a saheeh hadeeth that supports that idea that
it is permissible to perform ruqyah for a non-Muslim. Abu Saeed (may Allaah be
pleased with him) said:
A group of the Companions of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) set out on a journey and travelled until they made came near one of
the Arab tribes. (These people were either kaafirs or very stingy, as Ibn al-Qayyim
mentioned in al-Madaarij). They asked them for hospitality but they refused to do so. Then
the leader of that tribe was stung, and they tried everything but nothing helped him. Then
some of them said, Why dont you go to those people who are staying (nearby)? Maybe
some of them have something. So they went to them and said, O people, our leader has been
stung and we have tried everything and nothing helped him. Do any of you have something?
One of them said, Yes, by Allaah. I will perform ruqyah for him, but by Allaah we asked
you for hospitality and you did not give us anything, so we will not perform ruqyah for
you unless you give us something in return. So they agreed on a flock of sheep, then he
started to blow on him and recite Al-hamdu Lillaahi Rabb il-Aalameen. Then he
recovered quickly from his complaint and started walking, and there was nothing wrong with
him. Then they have them what they had agreed to, and some of them (the Sahaabah) said,
Let us share it out. The one who had performed ruqyah said, Do not do anything until we
come to the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and tell him what
happened, and we will wait and see what he tells us to do. So they came to the Messenger
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him what had happened. He
said, How did you know that it is a ruqyah? Then he said, You did the
right thing. Share them out, and give me a share. And the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) smiled. (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2276, and by
There follow some quotes from the commentary of Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar
(may Allaah have mercy on him) on the hadeeth and some additional details.
They asked them for hospitality means they asked them to
regard them as guests. According to the report of Al-Amash narrated by scholars
others than al-Tirmidhi, it says: The Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) sent thirty of us and we camped near some people and asked them for a
was stung means, he was stung by a scorpion.
and they tried everything means, they tried every kind of
treatment that they usually did to treat him for the scorpion sting, they made the utmost
effort to find the right treatment for him.
So they went to them. In the hadeeth of Jaabir, al-Bazzaar
added: And said to them, We have heard that your companion has come with light and
healing. They said, Yes.
Do any of you have something? Abu Dawood added in his
report: that could help our companion.
One of them said According to the report of Abu Dawood:
A man among the people said, Yes, I will perform ruqyah. The one who said this
was Abu Saeed, the narrator of the report. His wording was: I said, Yes, I
(have something). But I will not perform ruqyah for him until you give us some
This also appears in the report of Sulaymaan ibn Qattah, with the
words: I came to him and performed ruqyah for him by reciting the Opening of the
So they agreed means, they reached an agreement
on a flock of sheep
according to the report of
al-Amash: They said, we will give you thirty ewes.
then he started to blow on him means, he blew or spat
lightly on him, with little saliva.
Ibn Abi Hamzah said: the blowing in ruqyah should come after the
recitation, so as to carry the barakah (blessing) of the recitation to the parts of the
body over which the saliva passes, so that the barakah travels in his saliva when he
recite Al-hamdu Lillaahi Rabb il-Aalameen According
to the report of Shubah: He started to recite the Opening of the Book over
him. According to the report of Al-Amash, he recited it seven times.
Then he recovered quickly. The meaning of nashata
(translated here as recovered) is: he got up quickly. From the same root comes
the expression rajul nasheet, meaning an active and energetic man.
from his complaint The word iqaal (translated here as
complaint) could refer to the rope used to tie the foreleg of an animal.
and there was nothing wrong with him means, his problem was
gone. A problem may be described as qalabah (wa maa bihi min qalabah translated
here as and there was nothing wrong with him) because the one who is suffering
from the problem may be turned (yuqallab) this way and that in order to find out where the
problem is coming from.
How did you know that it is a ruqyah? Al-Daawoodi said: it
means, what told you
? In the report of Mabad ibn Seereen it says: And
what told him? This is something which is said to express astonishment and also
admiration of a thing, which is quite appropritae in this case. Shubah added in his
report: And it was not mentioned that he i.e., the Prophet
(peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) disapproved of it. Sulaymaan ibn Qattah added in his report,
after the phrase How did you know that it is a ruqyah?, I said: it came
to me like an inspiration i.e., I was inspired to do it.
and give me a share means, give me some of them as
if he wanted to be extra friendly towards them.
The hadeeth indicates that it is permissible to perform ruqyah by
reciting the Book of Allaah, and that it comes under the same category as dhikr and
al-duaa al-mathoor (duaas reported in the Quraan and
Sunnah), and also other duaas so long as they do not contradict what is in the
Quraan and Sunnah.
The hadeeth also indicates that one may respond in kind to a person who
does not treat one honourably, as the Sahaabah did by withholding the ruqyah from those
people who had not shown them hospitality.
The hadeeth also indicates that in the absence of a specific text, one
may make ijtihaad. It also demonstrates the esteem in which the Quraan was held in
the hearts of the Sahaabah, especially Soorat al-Faatihah, and it shows that if provision
(rizq) is decreed for someone, the person in whose hands it is cannot withhold it from
him. Those people withheld their hospitality but Allaah had decreed that the Sahaabah
should have a share of their wealth, and they withheld it, so Allaah caused the scorion to
sting their chief so that the Sahaabah would get what had been decreed for them. It also
demonstrates the great wisdom of Allaah in that the one who was singled out for punishment
was their leader who had been foremost in withholding hospitality, because people usually
follow the commands of their leaders. Since he has led them in withholding hospitality, he
was singled out for the punishment whereas his people were not, which was a most fitting
In al-Mawsooah al-Fiqhiyyah it says:
There is no dispute among the fuqahaa concerning the fact that it is
permissible for a Muslim to perform ruqyah for a kaafir. They take as evidence the hadeeth
of Abu Saeed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) which has been quoted above
Their evidence is that the tribe near whom they camped and from whom
they sought hospitality were kuffaar, and the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) did not denounce that.
And Allaah knows best.