Praise be to Allaah.
are agreed that stopping an obligatory prayer deliberately with no excuse
after having started it is haraam.
legitimate excuses that make it permissible to stop the prayer include those
which are mentioned in the saheeh Sunnah, and those which have been
determined by analogy to be similar to them or to be stronger reasons.
legitimate excuses that make it permissible to stop the prayer – whether it
is obligatory or naafil – are killing snakes, fear of losing one's
belongings, helping one who is in distress, saving one who is drowning,
putting out a fire, and warning a heedless person of something that may harm
excuses have been mentioned in the answers to question no.
If a child
is crying and his father or mother are unable to quieten him down during a
congregational prayer, then it is permissible to stop praying in order to
quieten him down, for fear that his crying may be because of some harm that
has befallen him, and for fear that the prayer of others may be spoiled
because of the disturbance.
If it is
possible to quieten him down with a slight movement and without turning away
from the qiblah, then the woman may do that and go back to her prayer. She
may, for example, move backwards to pick him up without stopping her prayer.
But if she is not able to quieten him down without stopping her prayer
altogether, then she should do that and there is no sin on her in sha
It says in
Mataalib Ooli al-Nuha (1/641):
It is Sunnah
for the imam to make the prayer brief if something happens during the prayer
that means that one of the worshippers has to stop praying, such as hearing
a child crying, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “I start the prayer intending to make it long, then I hear a
child crying, so I make it brief lest I cause hardship to his mother.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood. End quote.
of the Standing Committee were asked:
permissible to stop praying if the worshipper sees an animal coming towards
him such as a scorpion or other poisonous animal? Similarly, when praying in
al-Haram, is it permissible to stop praying so that he can follow his son or
daughter who is about to get separated from him and lost?
If it is
easy for him to get rid of the scorpion etc without stopping the prayer,
then he should not stop praying, otherwise he may stop. Similarly if it is
easy for him to look after his child without stopping the prayer, he should
do so, otherwise he may stop it.
al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh
‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan.
al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’
See also the answer to question no. 26230.
And Allaah knows best.