Praise be to Allaah.
The fuqaha’ differed concerning this issue and there are two
The first view is that the udhiyah may also count as
‘aqeeqah. This is the view of al-Hasan al-Basri, Muhammad ibn Sireen and
Qataadah, and it is the view of the Hanafis, and one of two views narrated
from Imam Ahmad.
They regarded this issue as being like when Jumu’ah and Eid
fall on the same day, and offering one of the two prayers counts for the
other one too, because they have in common the number of rak’ahs, the
khutbah and the fact that Qur’aan is recited out loud in the prayer, so the
actions are the same. The same applies here, the act of slaughtering the
animal is the same.
They also said: It is like when the Muslim prays two rak’ahs
intending them to be both greeting the mosque and the regular Sunnah.
The second view is that the udhiyah does not count as the
‘aqeeqah too. This is the view of the Maalikis and Shaafa’is, and it is the
other view narrated from Imam Ahmad.
These scholars said that the udhiyah and ‘aqeeqah are two
different sacrifices offered for different reasons, so one of them cannot
count as the other one too, just as if the sacrifice offered by the pilgrim
doing tamattu’ and the sacrifice offered as a fidyah are combined, the one
cannot count as the other too.
And they also said that the point of offering udhiyah and
‘aqeeqah is to shed the blood of the animal in both cases, because they are
two rituals with the aim of shedding the blood of the animal, therefore one
cannot count as the other too.
Ibn Hajar al-Makki al-Shaafa’i was asked about slaughtering a
sheep on the days of sacrifice with the intention of both offering a
sacrifice and offering ‘aqeeqah: does it serve both purposes or not?
What is indicated by the words of our companions and we have
been holding this view for many years, is that they cannot be combined,
because both the udhiyah and the aqeeqah are Sunnah and each is done for its
own sake and is done for a reason that is different than the other. The
purpose behind one is not the same as the purpose behind the other, because
the udhiyah is a sacrifice offered on behalf of oneself and the ‘aqeeqah is
a sacrifice offered on behalf of one's child, because by its blessing one
hopes that the child will be righteous and kind to his parents and may
intercede for them. Saying that they may be combined negates the purpose
behind both of them, so we cannot say that. This is like what they say about
the Sunnah of doing ghusl for Jumu’ah and doing ghusl for Eid, and the
Sunnah prayers of Zuhr and ‘Asr. As for the prayer to greet the mosque and
so on, they are not done for their own sake, rather that is done so as not
to transgress against the sanctity of the mosque, and that may be achieved
by offering any other prayer. The same applies to fasting Mondays, because
the purpose is to fill this day with worship by observing this special fast,
but it may be achieved by observing any other fast on that day. But this
does not apply to udhiyah and ‘aqeeqah, so they are not like that, as is
clear from what I have stated… End quote.
What seems to be the case – and Allaah knows best – is that
it is acceptable to offer one sacrifice with the intention of ‘aqeeqah and
udhiyah. This view was favoured by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah
have mercy on him). We have mentioned his view and those of others in the
answer to question no. 106630.
And Allaah knows best.