Praise be to Allaah.
Praise be to Allaah and blessings and peace be upon the
Messenger of Allaah.
You have asked – may Allaah bless you – about an important
matter, which is easy for the one for whom Allaah makes it easy. We ask
Allaah to make it easy for us and for our Muslim brothers to attain all that
It should be noted that achieving Tawheed or true belief in
the Oneness of Allaah can only be done by testifying truly that there is no
god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. Achieving this
is of two degrees, one that is obligatory and one that is mustahabb.
The obligatory degree is achieved by means of three things:
Giving up shirk (association of
others with Allaah) in all its forms, major, minor and concealed.
Giving up bid’ah (innovation)
in all its forms.
Giving up sin in all its forms.
The mustahabb degree is that in which people may vary
greatly, and it means not having anything in the heart of attachment to
anything or anyone other than Allaah, so the heart is focused entirely on
Allaah and pays no attention to anything or anyone else; he speaks only for
the sake of Allaah and his deeds and actions are all for Allaah and all his
thoughts are focused Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. Some scholars
described this degree as: giving up something that is permissible so as to
avoid something that is forbidden; that includes actions of the heart,
tongue and physical faculties.
In order to achieve these two degrees, certain things are
1 – Knowledge, otherwise how can one attain Tawheed or true
belief in the Oneness of Allaah and act upon it if he does not know of it or
understand it? Each accountable adult must learn about the Oneness of Allaah
that which will make his beliefs, words and deeds correct, then anything
more than that is a bonus.
2 – Firm, certain and deeply-rooted belief in that which was
narrated from Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted and His Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) of reports and words.
3 – Obedience to the commands of Allaah and His Messenger
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by doing that which is
enjoined, and avoiding that which is forbidden.
The more a person achieves these things, the stronger will be
his Tawheed and the greater will be his reward.
Our Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) has explained to us that the one who attains the highest level of
Tawheed is the one who is promised that he will be with the seventy thousand
who will enter Paradise without being brought to account – we ask Allaah of
In Saheeh al-Bukhaari
(5705) and Saheeh Muslim (220) it is narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may
Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The nations were shown to me and I
saw a Prophet with a group of men, a Prophet with one or two men, and a
Prophet with no one with him. Then a huge crowd was shown to me, and I
thought that they were my ummah, but it was said to me, ‘This is Moosa and
his people. But look at the horizon.’ I looked, and there was a huge crowd.
Then it was said to me: ‘Look at the other horizon,’ and there was (another)
huge crowd. It was said to me: ‘This is your ummah, and among them are
seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without being called to account or
Then he got up and went
into his house, and the people started discussing those who would enter
Paradise without being called to account or being punished. Some of them
said: Perhaps they are the ones who accompanied the Messenger of Allaah (S).
Some said: Perhaps they are those who were born in Islam and did not
associate anything with Allaah. And they mentioned several ideas. Then the
Messenger of Allaah (S) came out and said: “What are you discussing?” They
told him, and he said: “They are the ones who did not perform ruqyah or ask
others to do so, and did not believe in omens, and did not use cautery, and
they put their trust in their Lord.” ‘Ukkaashah ibn Mihsan stood up and
said: Pray to Allaah to make me one of them. He said: “You will be one of
them.” Another man stood up and said: Pray to Allaah to make me one of them.
He said: “ ‘Ukkaashah has beaten you to it.”
The phrase “did not perform ruqyah or ask others to do so”
means that they did not ask others to perform ruqyah for them. Although
asking someone to perform ruqyah is permissible, it is contrary to that
which is better.
The phrase “and did not believe in omens” means that they did
not believe in omens based on birds or anything else about which people are
superstitious and may give up something that they had decided to do because
of these superstitions. Superstition is haraam and is a form of minor
The phrase “and did not use cautery” means that they did not
cauterize with fire to treat sickness, even if it is proven to be of
benefit, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) disliked it, and because no one can punish with fire but the Lord of
The common thread in these three characteristics is that they
“put their trust in their Lord”, i.e., they attained the highest degree of
trust (tawakkul) and they did not pay the slightest attention to the means,
and they did not depend on them, rather they depended on their Lord alone,
may He be glorified.
Tawakkul (trust) is the summary of faith, as Sa’eed ibn
Habeeb said, indeed it is the ultimate aim as Wahb ibn Munabbih (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said.
In question no. 4203 you will find further discussion of this
hadeeth, so please read it. And Allaah knows best and is most Wise.
Note: Achieving true Tawheed or belief in the Oneness of
Allaah cannot be achieved by mere wishing or pretending, or by empty claims
that have no real essence, rather it is achieved by means of firm belief
that is rooted in the heart, by achieving true ihsaan that is confirmed by a
good attitude and righteous deeds. The Muslim must hasten to make the best
of every moment of his life and hasten to do good deeds and acts of worship;
he should ignore the hardship and enjoy the pain, for that which is with
Allaah is precious, for that which is with Allaah is Paradise.
See: al-Qawl al-Sadeed ‘ala Maqaasid Kitaab al-Tawheed
by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him), p. 20-23.