Praise be to Allaah.
If the animated pictures are of inanimate things – such as
trees and cars – there is nothing wrong with producing them or watching
them, because they are just drawings. But if they are of animate things –
such as human beings and animals – then this is something concerning which
contemporary scholars differed. The scholars of the Standing Committee are
of the view that it is not allowed to make animated pictures and cartoons
even if they are for shar’i purposes.
In a fatwa of the Standing Committee (no. 19933, dated
9/11/1418 AH) it says:
It is not permissible to buy, sell or use cartoon movies,
because they include haraam images. Raising children should be done in ways
that are Islamically acceptable with regard to teaching, disciplining,
telling them to pray and taking good care of them.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez Aal
al-Shaykh, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan, Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd.
Shaykh al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was of
the view that it is permissible, as we have quoted him in the answer to
question no. 71170.
Based on the view that it is permissible, the one who
produces them has to pay attention to a number of things, such as:
Not showing prominent figures
or leaders of jihad in funny ways, or showing them as saying things that
they did not say.
Not including music in films
and animated pictures.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
There are some reservations. They should not attribute to any
of the leaders of these conquests things that they did not say. This is the
problem. I think that if these movies contain only that which is good, then
there is nothing wrong with them, in sha Allaah. But if they are accompanied
by music then this is not permissible, because music is haraam.
Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftooh
(127/question no. 10).
In some of our answers we have stated that electronic games
are not permissible for children or adults if they include any music. For
more information please see the answers to questions no.
Not showing men or women with
their ‘awrahs uncovered or doing any haraam actions or actions of kufr such
as wearing a cross or worshipping idols, even if that is for the purpose of
teaching and acting.
These films and animated
pictures should convey a good message, or include things that teach good
The drawings and images should
not resemble the creation of Allaah, so that the small child will not think
that there is someone who makes things like the creation of Allaah.
There should be no veneration
of any bid’ah (innovation) or innovator, or of any evil deed or evildoer,
and it should not include any mention of any innovated or haraam occasion
such as celebrating the Prophet’s birthday or anyone else’s birthday.
There should be no
representation of the Prophets or Sahaabah, even if the stories are true.
See the answer to question no.
See also the answer to question no.
10836 for more important
guidelines in addition to what we have mentioned here.
Whatever the case:
The producer should think about what he is going to produce
for the new generation, because they are going to be influenced by what they
hear and see. So he should strive to convey the pure message of Islam and
play a role in giving children an Islamic upbringing. So he should include
in his films and cartoons respect for and teaching of prayer, honouring
one’s parents and reminders of their rights, and other great Islamic
virtues, as well as warning against disobedience to parents, lying, severing
family ties and so on. We hope that the good things in these drawings and
films will outweigh the evils of image-making and drawing. If there was
unanimous agreement among the scholars we would not have said that it is
permissible, even if there are numerous benefits in it, but because there
are texts which make an exception for toys, even if they resemble animate
beings, for children, and there are some of our scholars who say that it is
permissible, we have inclined towards the view that it is allowed.
And Allaah knows best.