Praise be to Allaah.
is OK for a boy who understands the prayer to lead others in prayer,
because the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “People should be led in prayer
by the one who knows the most Qur’aan among them.” (Narrated
by Muslim, al-Masaajid wa Mawaadi’ al-Salaah, 1078).
And it was narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari that ‘Amr ibn Salamah
al-Jarami said: “My father came from the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said that he had heard
the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) say, ‘When the time for prayer comes, let the
one among you who knows the most Qur’aan lead you in prayer.’ They looked
and they did not find anyone who knew more Qur’aan than me, so they
made me lead them in prayer, and I was a boy of six or seven years.”
(al-Maghaazi, 3963. See Fataawa al-Lajnah
evidence to be found in the hadeeth is that these Sahaabah asked ‘Amr
ibn Salamah to lead them in prayer when he was six or seven years old.
This indicates that a boy who has reached the age of discernment can
lead the prayers. If that were not permitted, there would have been
Revelation to say that it was not allowed. (Ahkaam
al-Imaamah wa’l-I’timaam fi’l-Salaah by ‘Abd al-Muhsin al-Muneef).
your son fulfils all the conditions and obligations of the prayer, then
there is nothing wrong with him leading you.
regard to a woman leading a boy in prayer, this is not permissible,
because he comes under the same rulings as a man. What is permitted
is for a woman to lead other women in prayer, because the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded Umm Waraqah bint
‘Abd-Allaah ibn Nawfal to lead the members of her household – i.e.,
the women – in prayer. (Narrated by Abu Dawood,
al-Salaah, Imaamat al-Nisaa’, 500, Classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, 553).