Praise be to Allaah.
say that this categorization is not correct, not from the point of view of
the categorization itself, because it may be correct in principle and it
may make sense. But it is not correct in and of itself, because Allaah has
stated that the munaafiqeen do not have faith. Allaah says in the Qur’aan
(interpretation of the meaning):
“And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: ‘We believe in
Allaah and the Last Day,’ while in fact they believe not”[al-Baqarah
Faith is an inherent part of human nature, so long as
there is nothing to prevent it or resist it. The Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every child is born in a state of
fitrah [the natural state of man], then his parents make him into a Jew or
a Christian or a Magian.” It is true that the angels do not disobey any
command that Allaah gives to them, and it is true that the Prophets (peace
be upon them) cannot apostatize after they have believed, but the second
category is not correct, when it says that the angels have inherent faith
and man does not. Man, as stated above, is created with an inherent belief
in Allaah alone. It would be better for us to refer to the categorization
of the righteous salaf, because this categorization is in accordance with
the Qur’aan and Sunnah, because it is agreed upon by scholarly consensus.
This view states that faith means speaking with one’s tongue,
implementing the pillars or duties, and having belief in the heart.